In Southern Italy, you can find amazing history and culture, some of these are awarded the title of UNESCO World Heritage which encourages the preservation of these unique and timeless treasures.
A diverse peninsula in Southern Italy, also known as the heel, is full of historical and natural attractions but with fewer tourists in comparison to the rest of Italy, an ideal holiday spot for people looking to get away from it all. Amongst the Italian Heritage list and 51 Unesco World Heritage Sites in Italy, two listed sites are located in Puglia and another one in the neighbouring region of Basilicata.
Castel del Monte: A magnificent Defence castle built by the Emperor Frederick II in the 13th century. Castel Del Monte is a symbol of medieval military architecture and it is perfectly preserved, standing proudly on the hills of Andria. Universally considered an example of genius medieval architecture, Castel del Monte actually unites elements of diverse styles and traditions from different epochs in history. Visitors can see this in the Romanic lines of the lions at the Castle’s entrance, in the Gothic cornice of the towers, in the Classical movement of its interior frieze, in the defensive grandeur of the structure in general and in the Islamic refinement of its mosaics.
The Trulli of Alberobello: The trulli, the characteristic cone-roofed houses of Alberobello, Apulia, is one of the 51 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Italy. The name derives from the late Greek word for the dome and refers to the ancient stone houses with conical roofs, constructed with the abundant limestone from the plateau of Apulia’s Murge zone.
These impressive and unique structures, largely present in the Valley of Itria, can also be found in the Provinces of Brindisi, Bari and Taranto. They are a genius example of architecture that is spontaneous, yet imperishable; to this day they are still used as homes.
Alberobello, an inland village,is undoubtedly the Capital of the Trulli: Its’ historic centre is integrally constituted by these rather particular white, pyramidal structures that make it so famous and identifiable.
The Sassi and the Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera:
Located in the southern Italian region of Basilicata, bordering Puglia, The Sassi and the Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera comprises a complex of houses, churches, monasteries and hermitages built into the natural caves of the Murgia. Covering an area of 1,016 ha this remarkable and intact troglodyte settlement contains more than a thousand dwellings and a large number of shops and workshops. The property was first occupied during the Palaeolithic period and shows evidence of continuous human occupation through several millennia until the present day, and is harmoniously integrated into the natural terrain and ecosystem.
Matera is the first city of southern Italy to be nominated as European Capital of Culture for 2019.